Responsibilities


March 30, 1999 No. 52-FZ



THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

FEDERAL LAW

ON THE SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELLBEING OF THE POPULATION

Adopted

by the State Duma

on March 12,1999

Approved

by the Federation Council

on March 17,1999

(in redaction of the Federal Laws of 30.12.2001 No. 196-FZ,

of 10.01.2003 No. 15-FZ, of 30.06.2003 No. 86-FZ,

of 22.08.2004 No. 122-FZ, of 09.05.2005 No. 45-FZ,

of 31.12.2005 No. 199-FZ, of 18.12.2006 No. 232-FZ,

of 29.12.2006 No. 258-FZ, of 30.12.2006 No. 266-FZ,

of 26.06.2007 No. 118-FZ, of 08.11.2007 No. 258-FZ,

of 01.12.2007 No. 309-FZ, of 14.07.2008 No. 118-FZ,

of 23.07.2008 No. 160-FZ, of 30.12.2008 No. 309-FZ,

of 28.09.2010 No. 243-FZ, of 28.12.2010 No. 394-FZ,

of 18.07.2011 No. 215-FZ, of 18.07.2011 No. 242-FZ,

of 18.07.2011 No. 243-FZ, of 19.07.2011 No. 248-FZ,

of 07.12.2011 No. 417-FZ, of 05.06.2012 No. 52-FZ,

of 25.06.2012 No. 93-FZ, of 02.07.2013 No. 185-FZ,

of 23.07.2013 No. 246-FZ, of 25.11.2013 No. 317-FZ,

with amendments made by the Federal laws of 12.06.2008 No. 88-FZ,

of 27.10.2008 No. 178-FZ, of 22.12.2008 No. 268-FZ)

The present Federal Law is aimed at sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population as one of the main conditions of citizens' constitutional rights to health protection and favourable environment implementation.

Chapter I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. Basic terms

For purposes of the present Federal Law the following basic terms are used:

Sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population is a state of population health, environment in which deleterious effect of environmental factors on human being is absent and favourable conditions of his vital activity are provided;

human environment (further - the environment) is an aggregate of objects, events and factors of environment (natural and artificial) determining human conditions of vital activity;

environmental factors are biological (viral, bacterial, parasitic and other), chemical, physical (noise, vibration, ultrasound, infrasound, thermal, ionizing, nonionizing and other radiations), social (nutrition, water supply, living, working, rest conditions) and other factors of environment which influence or can influence a human being and (or) future generations' level of health;

deleterious effect on a human being is an influence of environmental factors creating a threat to human life or health or threat to future generations' life or health;

favourable conditions of human vital activity is a state of environment at which deleterious effect of its factors on a human being (harmless conditions) is absent and there are possibilities for recovery of disturbed functions of a human organism;

harmless conditions for a human being is a state of environment at which danger of deleterious effect of its factors on a human being is absent;

sanitary and epidemiological conditions is a state of population health and environment at a certain territory at a specified time;

hygienic regulation is a determined by investigations permissible maximum or minimum quantitative and (or) qualitative value of a characteristic describing one or another environmental factor from a perspective of its safety and (or) harmlessness for a human being;

sanitary and epidemiological requirements are obligatory requirements to guarantee safety and (or) harmlessness for a human being of environmental factors, conditions of activity of legal entities and citizens including individual entrepreneurs, territories, buildings, structures, constructions, premises, equipment, means of transport used by them, non-observance of which creates a threat to human life or health, a threat of arising and expanding of diseases , and which are established by state sanitary and epidemiological rules and hygienic regulations (further - the sanitary regulations), and also in respect of safety of products and connected to requirements to products production, storage, transportation, realization, exploitation, application (using) and utilization processes which are established by the documents accepted in accordance with international contracts of the Russian Federation and by technical regulations;

social-hygienic monitoring is a state system of surveillance of population and environment state of health, their analysis, assessment and forecast, and also of determination of cause-and-effect relations between public state of health and influence of environmental factors;

federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance is an activity on prevention, detection, suppression of infringement of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of guaranteeing of sanitary and epidemiological public well-being for purposes of community and environment health protection;

sanitary and epidemiological decision is a document issued at stated by the present Federal law cases by federal executive authorities authorized to federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance implementation, and certifying either conformity or contradiction to sanitary regulations of environmental factors, conditions of activity of legal entities, citizens including individual entrepreneurs, and also territories, buildings, structures, constructions, premises, equipment, means of transport used by them;

sanitary and antiepidemic (prophylactic) activities are organizational, administrative, engineering and technical, medical and sanitary, veterinary and other measures directed to elimination or reduction of deleterious influence on a human being of environmental factors, prevention of arising and expanding of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) and their liquidation;

restrictive measures (quarantine) are administrative, medical and sanitary, veterinary and other measures directed to prevention of expanding of communicable diseases and providing for a particular procedure of economical and other activity, population, means of transport, cargos, goods and animals movement restriction;

communicable diseases are human communicable diseases which arising and expanding are determined by influence on a human being of biological factors of environment (communicable diseases pathogens) and possibility of infecting a disease from a sick human being, an animal to a healthy human being;

communicable diseases posing hazard to surroundings are human infectious diseases characterizing with difficult clinical course, high death and disablement rate, fast extension among population (epidemic);

mass communicable diseases (poisoning) are human diseases which arising is determined by influence of physical, and (or) chemical, and (or) social environmental factors;

Article 2. Ensuring of sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of population

1. Sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population is ensured by:

diseases prophylactics in accordance with sanitary and epidemiological conditions and prediction of their changing;

sanitary-and-antiepidemic (preventive) measures implementation and obligatory observing by citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities sanitary regulations as a component part of activity performing by them;

state sanitary and epidemiological normalization;

federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance;

obligatory confirmation of product compliance with sanitary and epidemiological requirements in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation on technical regulation;

licensing of activities posing potential hazard to a human being;

state registration of potentially dangerous for a human being chemical and biological substances, separate product kinds, radioactive substances, production and consumption waste, and also importable for the first time to the territory of the Russian Federation separate product kinds;

social-hygienic monitoring;

scientific researches in the sphere of sanitary-and-epidemiological public well-being;

forming and conducting of opened and public federal information resources directed to proper informing of public authorities, institutions of local governing, legal entities, individual entrepreneurs and citizens about arising of communicable diseases , mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning), state of environment and realizing sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures;

measures on public hygienic education and training and raising public awareness of healthy life-style;

measures on bringing to account for infraction of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the sphere of sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population.

2. Taking measures on providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population is an expenditure commitment of the Russian Federation.

Taking measures on preventing epidemics and liquidation of their consequences, and also on environmental protection is an expenditure commitment of the subjects of the Russian Federation.

Public authorities and institutions of local governing, organizations of all patterns of ownership, individual entrepreneurs, citizens provide observation of the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the sphere of sanitary and epidemiological public wellbeing at the expense of internal funds.

3. Characteristics of providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population at the territory of the innovative center "Skolkovo" including characteristics of approval and application of sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements are assigned by the Federal Law "On innovative center "Skolkovo".

Article 3. The legislation in the sphere of providing sanitary and epidemiological public wellbeing

The legislation in the sphere of providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population (further - the sanitary legislation) is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of the present Federal Law, other federal laws, and also approved in accordance with other legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other legal acts of the subjects of the Russian Federation.

Article 4. Relations regulated by the present Federal Law

The present Federal law regulates the relations arising within providing sanitary and epidemiological public wellbeing as one of the main aspects of realization of citizens' rights to health protection and favourable environment provided by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

Relations arising within environmental protection, to the extent necessary for providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population, are regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation on environmental protection and by the present Federal Law.

Article 5. Powers of the Russian Federation in sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population

The following relates to the powers of the Russian Federation in providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population:

determination of main orientations of public policy sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population;

passing federal laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation to provide sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population;

coordination of activity of federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the sphere of providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing;

federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance;

state sanitary-and-epidemiological normalization;

social-hygienic monitoring;

uniform system of state registration and accounting establishment in the sphere of providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population;

conduct of state registers of chemicals potentially dangerous for a human being, biological substances and separate product kinds, radioactive substances, production and consumption waste, and also importable for the first time to the territory of the Russian Federation separate product kinds;

sanitary protection of the territory of the Russian Federation;

introduction and cancellation on the territory of the Russian Federation of restrictive measures (quarantine);

introduction and cancellation of sanitary-quarantine control at national boundary of the Russian Federation checkpoints;

preparing and publication of annual state reports on sanitary and epidemiological situation in the Russian Federation;

coordination of scientific researches in sphere of sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of population;

international co-operation and international treaty-making of the Russian Federation in the sphere of sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of population;

implementation of measures on public hygienic education and training, on raising awareness of healthy life-style;

control over the sanitary-and-epidemiological situation;

proper and absolute informing of public authorities, institutions of local governing, legal entities, individual entrepreneurs and citizens about the sanitary and epidemiological situation, about realizing and (or) planned sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures including restrictive ones, about arising or threat to arising of communicable diseases and about mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning).

Article 6. Powers of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the sphere of providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population

The following relates to the powers of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the sphere of providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population:

passing laws and other legal acts of a subject of the Russian Federation in accordance with the federal laws and control over their observation;

development, approval and realization of regional programs of providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population, complied with a territorial agency of a federal executive authority performing the functions on control and surveillance in providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population;

introduction and cancellation on the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation of restrictive measures (quarantine), prescriptions of Chief state sanitary physician and their deputies;

right to take measures on public hygienic education and training, to raise awareness of healthy life-style;

guaranteeing of proper informing of population of a subject of the Russian Federation about arising or threat to arising of communicable diseases and about mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning), about a state of environment and realizing sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures;

right to participate in implementation of social-hygienic monitoring of a subject of the Russian Federation.

Chapter II. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF CITIZENS, INDIVIDUAL

ENTREPRENEURS AND LEGAL ENTITIES IN THE FIELD OF

SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELLBEING OF THE POPULATION

Article 8. Citizens' rights

Citizens have the right:

to favourable environment which factors do not have deleterious influence on a human being;

to receive in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation information about a sanitary and antiepidemic situation, state of environment, quality and safety of products, food, goods for personal and household needs, potential danger for human health of work performed and services provided, from public authorities, institutions of local governing, agencies performing federal state sanitary and edemiological surveillance and from legal entities;

to apply to agencies authorized to perform federal state sanitary and antiepidemic surveillance in connection with infractions of requirements of the sanitary legislation, creating a threat to infliction of hazard to lives, health of human beings, hazard to environment and a threat to sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population;

to make proposals to public authorities, institutions of local governing, agencies performing federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance, regarding sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population;

to complete indemnification of hazard injured to their health or property owing to infraction by other citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities of the sanitary legislation, and also while sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 9. Rights of individual entrepreneurs and legal entities

Individual entrepreneurs and legal entities have the right:

to receive in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation from public authorities, institutions of local governing, agencies performing federal state sanitary and edemiological surveillance information about a sanitary-and-epidemiological situation, state of environment, sanitary regulations;

to participate in development by federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing of measures on providing sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population;

to complete indemnification of hazard injured to their property owing to infraction by citizens, other individual entrepreneurs and legal entities of the sanitary legislation, and also while sanitary and antiepidemic (prophylactic) measures in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 10. Obligations of citizens

Citizens are obliged:

to observe requirements of the sanitary legislation and also decisions, provisions of implementing federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance;

to take care of health, hygienic education and training of their children;

not to perform actions begetting infringement on rights of other citizens to health protection and favourable environment.

Article 11. Obligations of individual entrepreneurs and legal entities

Individual entrepreneurs and legal entities in accordance with their activities are obliged:

to observe requirements of the sanitary legislation and also decisions, provisions of implementing federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance;

to develop and implement sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures;

to provide safety for human health of works performed and services provided and also of products and technical destination, food and goods for personal and household needs while their producing, transportation, storage, realization to population;

to exercise production control, including by means of laboratory examinations and tests realization, over sanitary and epidemiological requirements observation and sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures implementing while works performing and services rendering and also while producing, transportation, storage and realization of products;

to perform works on substantiation of safety for a human being of new kinds of products and their production techniques, criteria of safety and (or) harmlessness of environmental factors, and to develop methods of control over environmental factors;

to properly inform population, institutions of local governing, agencies performing federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance about emergency situations, suspensions of production, breakdowns in engineering processes creating a threat to sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population;

to implement hygienic training of workers.

Chapter III. SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL

REQUIREMENTS OF PROVIDING SAFETY

OF ENVIRONMENT FOR HUMAN HEALTH

Article 12. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to urban and rural settlement planning and building

1. When urban and rural settlement planning there must be creation of favourable conditions for population life and health by complex urban and rural settlement improvement and realization of other measures on preventing and elimination of deleterious influence on a human being of environmental factor.

2. While development of regulations of urban planning, territorial planning schemes, general urban and rural settlement planning schemes, social centers planning projects, residential areas, city highways, while deciding issues of allocation of objects of civil, industrial and agricultural destination and ascertainment of their sanitary-hygienic zones, while choosing of ground areas for building, and also while planning, building, reconstruction, technical reequipment, laying-up and liquidation of industrial, transport objects, buildings and construction of cultural and household destination, dwelling houses, objects of engineering infrastructure and accomplishment and other objects (further - the objects) sanitary regulations must be observed.

3. Became invalid. - The Federal Law of 19.07.2011 No. 248-FZ.

4. Citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities responsible for works performing on planning and building of the objects, their financing and (or) crediting in case of revealing of sanitary and epidemiological requirements violation or their accomplishment impossibility are obliged to suspend or completely lay off the stated works performing and their financing and (or) crediting.

Article 13. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to products of technical destination, goods for personal and household needs and their production techniques

1. Products of technical destination which require the direct human participation during their production, transportation, storage, application (usage) and utilization, and also goods for personal and household needs of citizens (further - the products) must not have deleterious influence on a human being and environment.

The products according to their features and characteristics must comply with sanitary and epidemiological requirements.

2. Production, application (usage) and realization to population of new kinds of products (developed or introduced for the first time) are implemented on the assumption of their compliance with sanitary and epidemiological requirements.

3. Citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities implementing development, transportation, purchase, storage and realization of the products in case of revealing of its contradiction to sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements are obliged to suspend such activity, withdraw the products from circulation and take measures on application (usage) of the products for purposes excluding injuring a human being, or eliminate them.

Article 14. Sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements to potentially dangerous to a human being chemical, biological substance and several kinds of products

Potentially dangerous to a human being chemical, biological substance and several kinds of products are not admitted to production, transportation, purchase, storage, realization and application (usage) after their state registration in accordance with the article 43 of the present Federal Law.

Article 15. Sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements to foods, food additives, food supply, and also to contacting with them materials and goods and their production techniques

1. Foods must comply with human physiological needs and must not have deleterious influence on him.

2. Foods, food additives, food supply, and also contacting with them materials and goods while their production, storage, transportation and realization to population must comply with sanitary and epidemiological requirements.

3. Materials contacting with foods and goods, food additives, sanctioned in accordance with procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, can be used while their producing.

4. Production, application (usage) and realization to population of new kinds of (developed or introduced for the first time) foods, food additives, food supply, and also contacting with them materials and goods, introduction of new engineering processes of their production and new manufacturing equipment are implemented on the assumption of their compliance with sanitary and epidemiological requirements.

5. Citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities implementing production, purchase, storage, transportation and realization of foods, food additives, food supply, and also contacting with them materials and goods are obliged to observe sanitary and epidemiological requirements.

6. Unconformable to sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements and posing hazard for a human being foods, food additives, food supply, and also contacting with them materials and goods are immediately laid off.

Laid off foods, food additives, food supply, and also contacting with them materials and goods must be used by their owners for purposes excluding injuring a human being, or eliminated.

7. Provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation on technical regulation are applied in relations with guaranteeing of safety of foods and also materials and goods contacting with foods.

Article 16. Sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements to products imported to the territory of the Russian Federation

1. Products imported to the territory of the Russian Federation by citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities and assigned for realization to population and also for application (usage) in industry, agriculture, civil engineering, transport in which process the direct human participation is required must not have deleterious influence on a human being and environment.

2. Products stated in the clause 1 of the present article must comply with sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements. Several kinds of products which are for the first time imported to the territory of the Russian Federation and the list of which is established by the Government of the Russian Federation before their import to the territory of the Russian Federation are subject to state registration in accordance with the article 43 of the present Federal law.

3. Obligations on fulfillment of sanitary and epidemiological requirements to the products imported to the territory of the Russian Federation, guaranties of stated requirements observation at delivery of each consignment of such products are essential terms of such products supply agreements (contracts).

Article 17. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to catering organization

1. While catering organization at specially appointed places (canteens, restaurants, cafes, bars and other ones) including cooking and drinks preparing, their storage and realization to population sanitary and epidemiological requirements must be observed to preventing of arising and expanding of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning).

2. While catering organization at preschool and other educational organizations, medical organizations, health-improving institutions and social protection institutions, while setting standards of food allowance for military personnel, and also while setting nutrition standards for persons in investigatory isolation ward or serving sentence in correctional institutions observation of scientifically grounded human physiological nutrition standards is obligatory.

3. While setting of minimal social standards of population standard of living guaranteed by the state human physiological nutrition standards must be considered.

Article 18. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to water objects

1. Water objects used for purposes of drinking and household water supply and also for medical, health-improving and recreation purposes including water objects located within urban and rural settlements boarders (further - the water objects) must not be sources of biological, chemical and physical factors of deleterious influence on a human being.

2. Criteria of safety and (or) harmlessness for a human being of the water objects including maximum permissible concentrations in water of chemical, biological substances, microorganisms, radioactive background level are determined by sanitary regulations.

3. Using a water object for specifically stated purposes is permitted in the presence of sanitary and epidemiological decision about compliance of a water object with sanitary regulations and conditions of safe for health of population usage of a water object.

4. For the water objects protection, preventing of their pollution and clogging the agreed with authorities exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance standards of maximum permissible deleterious influence on water objects, standards of maximum permissible chemical, biological substances and microorganisms dumping to water objects are set in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Projects of districts and water object sanitary protection zones used for drinking, household water supply and for medical purposes are affirmed by executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation in the presence of sanitary and epidemiological decision about their compliance with sanitary regulations.

5. Executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities in case if water objects pose hazard to health of population are obliged in accordance with their authorities to take measures on restriction, suspension or prohibition of usage of stated water objects.

Boarders and procedure of drinking and household water supply sources sanitary protection zones are determined by executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation in the presence of sanitary-and-epidemiological decision on their compliance with sanitary regulations.

Article 19. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to drinking water and also to drinking and household water supply

1. Drinking water must be safe in relation to epidemiology and radiation, harmless in chemical composition and must have favorable organoleptic features.

2. Organizations providing hot-water supply, cold-water supply with the use of centralized hot-water supply, cold-water supply systems are obliged to provide compliance quality of hot and drinking water of stated systems with sanitary and epidemiological requirements.

3. Population of urban and rural settlements must be supplied with drinking water in priority order and in a quantity sufficient for the satisfaction of physiological and household needs.

Article 20. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to the atmospheric air in urban and rural settlements, on the territories of industrial enterprises, to air in the working areas of industrial premises, in living and other quarters

1. Atmospheric air in urban and rural settlements, on the territories of industrial enterprises, and also air in the working areas of industrial premises, in living and other quarters (hereinafter referred to as permanent or temporary human residence) must not have deleterious influence on a human being.

2. Criteria of safety and (or) harmlessness for a human being of the atmospheric air in urban and rural settlements, on the territories of industrial enterprises, of air at permanent or temporary human residence including maximum permissible concentrations (levels) of chemical, biological substances and microorganisms in the air are determined by sanitary regulations.

3. Standards of maximum permissible emissions of chemical, biological substances and microorganisms in the air, sanitary-hygienic zones projects are affirmed in the presence of sanitary and epidemiological decision on compliance of stated standards and projects with sanitary regulations.

4. Public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing, citizens, individual entrepreneurs, legal entities in accordance with their authorities are obliged to take measures on preventing and reducing of pollution of the atmospheric air in urban and rural settlements, of air at permanent or temporary human residence, on providing compliance of atmospheric air in urban and rural settlements, of air at permanent or temporary human residence with sanitary regulations.

Article 21. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to soil, maintenance of the territories of urban and rural settlements and industrial sites

1. Content of potentially dangerous for a human being chemical and biological substances, biological and microbiological organisms, and also radioactive background level in soil of urban and rural settlements and agricultural lands must not exceed maximum permissible concentrations (levels) determined by sanitary regulations.

2. Maintenance of urban and rural settlement territories and industrial sites must meet sanitary regulations.

Article 22. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to collection, utilization, neutralization, transportation, storage and burial of production and consumption waste

1. Production and consumption waste are subject to collection, utilization, neutralization, transportation, storage and burial which conditions and means must be safe for health of population and environment and which must be realized in accordance with sanitary regulations and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

2. Became invalid. - The Federal Law of 22.08.2004 No. 122-FZ.

3. Radiation control must be implemented at places of centralized utilization, neutralization, storage and burial of production and consumption waste.

Production and consumption waste, while radiation control implementation of which exceeding of determined by sanitary regulations radioactive background level is revealed, are subject to utilization, neutralization, storage and burial in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in radiation safety providing.

Article 23. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to living quarters

1. Living quarters concerning space, planning, illumination, imsolation, microclimate, ventilation, levels of noise, vibration, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation must comply with sanitary and epidemiological requirements for purposes of safe and harmless accommodation providing regardless of its term.

2. Occupancy of living quarters admitted in accordance with the sanitary legislation of the Russian Federation as uninhabitable as well as providing citizens with nonresidential premises for permanent or temporary residence is not permitted.

3. Maintenance of living quarters must meet sanitary regulations.

Article 24. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to exploitation of industrial, public premises, buildings, constructions, equipment and transport

1. Sanitary and epidemiological (preventive) measures must be implemented and safe conditions of working, household and rest must be provided while exploitation of industrial, public premises, buildings, constructions, equipment and transport in accordance with sanitary regulations and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

2. Individual entrepreneurs and legal entities are obliged to suspend or lay off their activity or work of certain workshops, sectors, exploitation of buildings, constructions, equipment, transport, certain kinds of work performance and services rendering in cases if sanitary regulations are broken while stated activity, work and services implementing.

Article 25. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to working conditions

1. Working conditions, work place and working process must not have deleterious influence on a human being. Requirements to safe for a human being working conditions providing are determined by sanitary regulations and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

2. Individual entrepreneurs and legal entities are obliged to implement sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures on providing safe working conditions and on fulfilling requirements of sanitary regulation and other legal acts of the Russian Federation to production processes and manufacturing equipment, work place organization, collective and individual security facilities of workers, labour, rest procedure and domestic service of workers for purposes of prevention of injuries, professional diseases, infectious diseases and diseases (poisoning) connected with working conditions.

Article 26. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to conditions of working with biological substances, biological and microbiological organisms and their toxins

1. Conditions of working with biological substances, biological and microbiological organisms and their toxins including conditions of working in genetic engineering and with infectious diseases pathogens must not have deleterious influence on a human being.

2. Requirements, stated in the clause 1 of the present article, to safety of working conditions providing for a human being and environment are determined by sanitary regulations and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

3. Performance of works with biological substances, biological and microbiological organisms and their toxins is permitted in the presence of sanitary and epidemiological decisions on compliance of conditions of such works performance with sanitary regulations.

Article 27. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to conditions of working with sources of physical factors of influence on a human being

1. Conditions of work with machines, mechanisms, plants, devices which are sources of physical factors of influence on a human being (noise, vibration, ultrasonic, infrasound exposures, thermal, ionizing, non-ionizing and other radiation) must not have deleterious influence on a human being.

2. Criteria of safety and (or) harmlessness of conditions of work with sources of physical factors of influence on a human being including maximum permissible levels of influence are determined by sanitary regulations.

3. Using of machines, mechanisms, plants and devices and also production, utilization (usage), transportation, storage and burial of radioactive, substances, materials and waste being sources of physical factors of influence on a human being stated in the clause 1 of the present article are permitted in the presence of sanitary and epidemiological decisions on compliance of conditions of work with sources of physical factors of influence on a human being with sanitary regulations.

4. Relations arising in providing radiation safety of population and safety of works with sources of ionizing radiation are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 28. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements to conditions of children rest and invigoration, their upbringing and education

1. At organization of children rest and invigoration, in preschool and other educational organizations regardless of legal forms measures on prophylaxis of diseases, on preservation and promotion of health of learners and foster children including measures on their meals organization must be implemented and sanitary legislation requirements must be observed.

2. Programs, methods and procedures of children upbringing and teaching are permitted to application in the presence of sanitary and epidemiological decisions. Using of technical, audiovisual and other means of upbringing and teaching, school furniture, training and other published projects for children is implemented in the presence of their compliance with sanitary and epidemiological requirements.

Chapter IV. SANITARY AND ANTIEPIDEMIC

(PREVENTIVE) MEASURES

Article 29. Organization and realization of sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures

1. For purposes of preventing of arising and expanding of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) provided by sanitary regulations and other legal acts of the Russian Federation sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures including measures on accomplishing of sanitary control of the territory of the Russian Federation, on introducing of restrictive measures (quarantine), on realizing of production control, measures concerning infectious diseases patients, medical examinations, prophylactic vaccinations accomplishing, hygienic education of citizens must be properly and completely implemented.

2. Sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures are subject to including in developing federal target programs of protection and strengthening of health of the population and sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population.

3. Sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures are obligatory implemented by citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities in accordance with activity performed by them and also in cases provided by the clause 2 of the article 50 of the present Federal Law.

Article 30. Sanitary control of the territory of the Russian Federation

1. Sanitary control of the territory of the Russian Federation is directed to preventing of bringing to the territory of the Russian Federation and expansion on the territory of the Russian Federation of infectious diseases posing threat to population and also to preventing of import to the territory of the Russian Federation and realization on the territory of the Russian Federation of goods, chemical, biological and radioactive substances, waste and other cargos posing threat to a human being (hereinafter referred to as the dangerous cargos and goods). Import to the territory of the Russian Federation of the dangerous cargos and goods is realized at specially equipped and meant for such purposes points of entry at the State border of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the specialized points of entry). The list of such points of entry is determined in accordance with procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

2. The list of communicable diseases requiring measures of sanitary control of the territory of the Russian Federation is determined by the federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance.

3. The dangerous cargos and goods, which import to the territory of the Russian Federation is forbidden by the legislation of the Russian Federation, and also cargos and goods, in case of which while sanitary quarantine control exercising it is ascertained that their import to the territory of the Russian Federation would create a threat of arising and expanding of communicable diseases or mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning), are not admitted to import to the territory of the Russian Federation.

4. Sanitary quarantine control at points of entry at the State border of the Russian Federation is exercised by the federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance and also by custom authorities with regard to documents inspection implementing in the specialized points of entry.

At the points of entry custom authority officials implement inspection of documents, produced by a carrier or a person acting on behalf of it, at goods and cargos arrival to the territory of the Russian Federation.

By results of documents inspection by custom authority officials the decision is made on import of goods and cargos to the territory of the Russian Federation for purposes of their further transportation in accordance with procedure of customs of customs transit, or on their immediate removal from the territory of the Russian Federation, or on their sending to specially equipped and appointed places at specialized points of entry for goods and cargos examination implementing by officials of federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance.

The procedure of sanitary quarantine control exercising at points of entry at the State border of the Russian Federation (including procedure of decision making by custom authorities by results of documents inspection at specialized points of entry and procedure of determination of kinds of goods in accordance with unified Product nomenclature of foreign-economic activity of Customs Union and of cases when is goods and cargos examination realized) is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

5. Procedure and conditions of sanitary control of the territory of the Russian Federation and also measures on sanitary control of the territory of the Russian Federation are determined by Federal Laws, sanitary regulations and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

Article 31. Restrictive measures (quarantine)

1. Restrictive measures (quarantine) are introduced at points of entry at the State border of the Russian Federation, on the territory of the Russian Federation, territory of a corresponding region of the Russian Federation, municipal formation, in organizations and at objects of economical and other activity in case of hazard of arising and expanding of infectious diseases.

(in redaction of the Federal Law of 22.08.2004 No. 122-FZ)

2. Restrictive measures (quarantine) are introduced (countermanded) under proposals, prescriptions of chief state sanitary physicians and their deputies by decision of the Government of the Russian Federation or an executive authority of a region of the Russian Federation, an institution of local governing, and also by decision of authorized officers of a federal executive authority or its territorial authorities, organization departments under which jurisdiction there are objects of defense and other special-purpose objects.

3. Procedure of restrictive measures (quarantine) implementing and the list of communicable diseases, at a threat of which arising and expanding restrictive measures (quarantine) are introduced, are determined by sanitary regulations and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

Article 32. Production control

1. Production control, including laboratory investigations and tests, over sanitary and epidemiological requirements observation and implementation of sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures at the process of production, storage, transportation and realization of products, works performance and services rendering, and also over working conditions is exercised by individual entrepreneurs and legal entities for purposes of providing of safety and (or) harmlessness for a human being and environment of such products, works and services.

2. Production control is exercised in accordance with procedure established by technical regulations or sanitary regulations applied before the day of coming into effect of corresponding technical regulations, and also industrial safety standards except as otherwise provided by a Federal Law.

3. Persons exercising production control account for timeliness, completeness and reliability of its exercising.

Article 33. Measures concerning communicable diseases patients

1. Communicable diseases patients, persons with suspicion on such diseases and persons contacted with communicable diseases patients, and also persons being carriers of communicable diseases pathogens are subject to laboratory examination and medical investigation or treatment in case if they pose a threat to surroundings, subject to obligatory hospitalization or isolation in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

2. Persons being carriers of communicable diseases pathogens, if they can become sources of communicable diseases expanding in connection with peculiarities of production they are engaged in or with work performed by them, in the presence of their consent are temporary swapped to another work, not connected with risk of communicable diseases expanding. At impossibility of moving under prescriptions of chief state sanitary physicians and their deputies they are temporary removed with social insurance benefits payment.

3. All cases of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) are subjects to registration by medical organizations at places of detection of such diseases (poisoning), to state registration and accounting of them by authorities exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance.

Procedure of state registration of stated cases of diseases (poisoning) and also procedure of accounting of them is determined by a federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance.

Article 34. Obligatory medical examinations

1. For purposes of preventing of arising and expanding of communicable diseases, mass non-communicable diseases (poisoning) and professional diseases workers of certain professions, productions and organizations while their duties implementing are obliged to be examined previously at getting a job and periodically at preventive medical examinations (hereinafter referred to as the medical examinations).

2. In case of need under proposals of authorities exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance by decisions of public authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation or institutions of local governing in certain organizations (workshops, laboratories and other organization departments) additional indications for the medical examinations of workers realizing can be introduced.

3. Individual entrepreneurs and legal entities are obliged to provide conditions necessary for proper medical examinations of workers.

4. Workers refusing to pass the medical examinations are not admitted to work.

5. Data on medical examinations is subject to entering into personal medical cards and to accounting by medical organizations of state and municipal systems of public health and also authorities exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance.

6. Procedure of obligatory medical examinations, recording, accounting and issuing to workers personal medical cards is determined by a federal executive authority implementing legal regulation in public health sphere.

Article 35. Preventive vaccinations

Preventive vaccinations are carried out to citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation for preventing of arising and expanding of communicable diseases.

Article 36. Hygienic education

1. Hygienic education of citizens is obligatory, directed to increase in their sanitary culture, to diseases prevention and raising awareness about healthy life-style.

2. Hygienic education of citizens is implemented:

in process of upbringing and education in preschool and other educational organizations;

while receiving professional education or additional professional education by means of including in educational programs of parts on hygienic knowledge;

while vocational hygienic training and certification of officials and workers of organizations which activity is connected with production, storage, transportation and realization of foods and drinking water, with upbringing and education of children, with public and domestic service of population.

Chapter V. STATE REGULATION IN THE SPHERE OF

SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF THE POPULATION

Article 37. State sanitary and epidemiological normalization

1. State sanitary and epidemiological normalization includes:

development of unified requirements to implementing of research works on sanitary regulations substantiation;

control over implementing of research works on state sanitary and epidemiological normalization;

development of projects of sanitary regulations, examination, public discussion, approval and publishing of sanitary regulations, and also alteration in sanitary regulations and declaring them as stale;

control over introduction of sanitary regulations, analysis and generalization of practice of their application;

registration and systematization of sanitary regulations, forming and conducting of unified federal data base in state sanitary and epidemiological normalization.

2. State sanitary and epidemiological normalization is implemented in accordance with the regulations affirmed by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 38. The development of sanitary regulations

1. Sanitary regulations development is implemented by a federal executive authority, exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance, in connection with ascertained necessity of sanitary and epidemiological normalization of environmental factors and conditions of human vital activity in accordance with procedure established by the regulations on state sanitary and epidemiological normalization.

2. Sanitary regulations development must consider:

implementing of complex investigations on detection and assessment of influence of environmental factors on public health;

determination of sanitary and epidemiological requirements of preventing of deleterious influence of environmental factors on public health;

setting of safety and (or) harmlessness criteria, hygienic and other environmental factors' standards;

analysis of international experience in sanitary and epidemiological normalization;

identifying the ground for reconsideration of hygienic and other standards;

prediction of social and economic consequences of sanitary regulations application;

substantiation of terms and conditions of implementing of sanitary regulations.

Article 39. Sanitary regulations affirming

1. On the territory of the Russian Federation federal sanitary regulations, affirmed by a federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance, work in accordance with procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

1.1. Federal sanitary regulations, setting sanitary and epidemiological requirements to conditions of upbringing and education, are affirmed in agreement with a federal executive authority performing functions on state policy elaborating and legal regulating in education sphere.

2. Sanitary regulations are subjects to registration and official publishing in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

3. Observation of sanitary regulations is obligatory to citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities.

4. Legal acts concerning issues on providing sanitary and epidemiological well-being of population, accepted by federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing, decisions of legal entities on stated issues, construction standards and regulations, labour protection regulations, veterinary and phytosanitary regulations must not contradict sanitary regulations.

Article 40. Peculiarities of licensing of certain activity categories posing potential hazard to a human being

1. Certain activity categories posing potential hazard to a human being are subjects to licensing in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

2. Producing by an applicant for a licensing of sanitary and epidemiological decision on compliance with sanitary regulations of buildings, structures, constructions, premises, equipment and other property, which are thought by an applicant for a licensing to be used for the following activity categories performance is the compulsory condition for decision making on licensing issue:

medical and pharmaceutical activity;

activity in sphere of handling with nuclear materials and radioactive substances;

activity on collection, neutralization, transportation, disposal of waste of I -IV hazard class;

educational activity.

Article 41. Compulsory confirmation of compliance of certain kinds of products

Certain kinds of products posing potential hazard to a human being are subjects to compulsory confirmation of compliance with sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation on technical regulating.

Article 42. Sanitary-and-epidemiological examinations, investigations, inspections, researches, trials and other kinds of assessments

1. Sanitary-and-epidemiological examinations, investigations, inspections, researches, trials and other kinds of assessments of observation of sanitary-and-epidemiological and hygienic requirements can be implemented by officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance and also by experts and expert organizations accredited in accordance with procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation for the purposes of:

1) detection and prevention of deleterious influence of environmental factors on a human being;

2) determination of reasons and conditions of arising and expanding of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) and assessment of consequences of arising and expanding of such diseases (poisoning);

3) establishing a correspondence (contradiction) to requirements of the present Federal law of documents, buildings, constructions, premises, equipment, transport facilities and other objects used by legal entities, individual entrepreneurs for their activity performance, and of results of such activity.

2. Under results of sanitary-and-epidemiological examinations, investigations, inspections, researches, trials and other kinds of assessments of observation of sanitary-and-epidemiological and hygienic requirements sanitary-and-epidemiological decisions provided by the articles 18, 20, 26 - 28 and 40 of the present Federal law are issued by Chief state sanitary physicians and (or) their deputies.

3. Procedure of conducting of sanitary-and-epidemiological examinations, investigations, inspections, researches, trials and other kinds of assessments of observation of sanitary-and-epidemiological and hygienic requirements is determined by a federal executive authority performing functions on legal regulating in the sphere of providing sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing.

4. Experts and expert organizations, which conduct sanitary-and-epidemiological examinations, investigations, inspections, researches, trials and other kinds of assessments, bear responsibility for their quality and objectivity in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 43. State registration of substances and products

1. The following is subject to state registration:

for the first time introduced in production and not applied before chemical, biological substances and produced on their basis preparations (following - the substances) potentially dangerous for a human being;

certain kinds of products, posing potential hazard for a human being;

certain kinds of products, including foods imported to the territory of the Russian Federation for the first time.

2. State registration of stated in the clause 1 of the present article substances and certain kinds of products is implemented under:

assessment of hazard of substances and certain kinds of products for a human being and environment;

setting of hygienic and other regulations of content of substances, certain product components in environment;

development of protective measures, including conditions of utilization and elimination of substances and certain kinds of products, on preventing of their deleterious influence on a human being and environment.

3. Assessment of safety of substances and certain kinds of products for a human being and environment, setting of hygienic and other regulations of content of substances and certain product components in environment, development of protective measures are implemented by organizations accredited in accordance with established procedure.

4. The list of substances and certain product stated in the clause 1 of the present article and the procedure of their state registration realized by authorized federal executive authorities are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation except as otherwise assigned by international agreements of the Russian Federation.

Article 44. Federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

1. Federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance includes:

1) organization and conducting of checks of fulfilling by public authorities, institutions of local governing, and also by legal entities, their managers and other officials, individual entrepreneurs, their authorized representatives (further - legal entities, individual entrepreneurs) and citizens of requirements of sanitary legislation, sanitary-and-antiepidemic (preventive) measures, instructions of officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance;

2) organization and conducting of checks of compliance of products realized by legal entities, individual entrepreneurs with requirements of technical regulations, state surveillance over which observation is assigned to a federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance;

3) organization and conducting in accordance with procedure established according to international agreements of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the Russian Federation on the National boarder of the Russian Federation of sanitary-quarantine control at checkpoints at the National boarder of the Russian Federation;

4) appliance in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation of measures on suppression of revealed violations of requirements of sanitary legislation, technical regulations and (or) on removing of consequences of such violations, issue of instructions on removing of revealed violations of requirements of sanitary legislation, technical regulations and bringing to account of persons committed such violations;

5) issue of instructions on implementation of sanitary-and-antiepidemic (preventive) measures;

6) systematic observation of fulfilling of sanitary legislation requirements, analysis and prediction of condition of fulfilling of sanitary legislation requirements, technical regulations while performing by public authorities, institutions of local governing, legal entities, individual entrepreneurs and citizens of their activity;

7) federal statistic observation in the sphere of providing sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing in accordance with procedure established by a federal executive authority, exercising legal regulation in sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing sphere, including observation of level of morbidity of communicable and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) in connection with deleterious influence of environmental factors on a human being including collection of data on cases of diseases (poisoning) in connection with using of goods, not complying with sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements, and also forming of open and public state information resources in sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing sphere;

8) conducting of annual analysis and assessment of effectiveness of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance;

9) preparing on the ground of results of activity, provided by subclauses 1 - 8 of the present clause, of annual state reports on level of sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing in the Russian Federation in accordance with procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

2. If while construction, reconstruction, complete overhaul of objects of capital construction state construction surveillance exercising is provided, state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance is exercised within the framework of state construction surveillance by authorized to state construction surveillance exercising federal executive authority, executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on town-planning activity.

Article 45. Social-hygienic monitoring

1. Social-hygienic monitoring is implemented for assessment, detection of changes and prediction of level of health of population and environment, detection and elimination of deleterious influence on a human being of environmental factors.

2. Social-hygienic monitoring is implemented by authorities authorized to exercise federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance in accordance with procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Chapter VI. ORGANIZATION OF FEDERAL STATE

SANITARY-AND-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE

Article 46. Organization of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

1. Federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance is exercised by authorities and institutions representing unified federal centralized system.

2. The system of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance includes:

a federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance;

an authorized federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance in organizations of certain industries with specially dangerous working conditions and on certain territories of the Russian Federation by the list affirmed by the Government of the Russian Federation;

regional authorities of stated federal executive authorities founded in accordance with established by the legislation of the Russian Federation procedure for exercising of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance in the regions of the Russian Federation, municipal formations, on transport, and also in organizations of certain industries with specially dangerous working conditions and on certain territories of the Russian Federation by the list affirmed by the Government of the Russian Federation;

departments of federal executive authorities responsible for defense, interior, safety, justice, drugs control issues exercise federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance correspondingly in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other forces, military units, on objects of defense and defense production, safety and other special purpose (further - objects of defense and other special purpose);

federal public institutions and federal state unitary enterprises within the jurisdiction of federal executive authorities, exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance, and performing their activity for purposes of providing of stated surveillance.

3. Organization of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance is realized by the head of a federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance - Сhief state sanitary physician of the Russian Federation, and also by heads of its regional offices - Chief state sanitary physician in the regions of the Russian Federation, cities, districts and on transport, Chief state sanitary physician of federal executive authorities stated in the fourth paragraph of the clause 2 of the present article.

4. Chief state sanitary physicians of federal executive authorities stated in the fourth paragraph of the clause 2 of the present article by their functional duties are deputies of the Chief state sanitary physician of the Russian Federation on issues covered by their terms of reference.

5. Structure, authorities, functions of federal executive authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance and procedure of exercising of stated surveillance are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

6. Structure, authorities, functions and procedure of activity of federal public institutions, federal state unitary enterprises, founded in accordance with established by the legislation of the Russian Federation procedure, for the purposes of providing of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance are determined by responsible authorized federal executive authorities.

7. Regulations of the Federal law of December 26, 2008 No. 294-ФЗ "On protection of rights of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs while exercising of state control (surveillance) and municipal control" are applied to relations connected with exercising of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance, organization and conducting of checks of legal entities, individual entrepreneurs.

Article 47. Financial provision of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

Financial provision of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance is an expenditure commitment of the Russian Federation.

Article 47.1. Financial provision of federal public institutions providing activity of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

Financial provision of federal public institutions providing activity of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance is an expenditure commitment of the Russian Federation and is realized at the expense of federal budget and also at the expense of:

funds coming for works performance and services rendering under the contracts with citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities;

funds received from citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities in order of compensation of additionally incurred expenses on implementing sanitary-and-antiepidemic (preventive) measures;

funds received from publishing activities;

optional contributions and donations of citizens and legal entities;

other not restricted by the legislation of the Russian Federation sources.

Article 48. The right of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance and institutions providing their activity on use of property and ground areas

1. Premises, buildings, constructions, equipment, transport facilities and other property used by authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance and institutions providing their activity for implementing of tasks assigned to them are in federal ownership and transferred to the use of stated authorities and institutions on the right of economic management or operating control in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

2. Ground lands, where buildings and constructions of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance are located, are rendered to them in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 49. Officials authorized to exercise federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

1. Chief state sanitary physicians and their deputies, heads of organization departments and their deputies, specialists of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance are officials authorized in accordance with the present Federal law to exercise federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance (further - officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance).

The list of specialists authorized to exercise federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance is determined by the regulations affirmed by the Government of the Russian Federation.

2. Impact on officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance in any form with the purpose to influence their decisions or hindering in any form their activity is not permitted and entails determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation responsibility.

3. Officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance are under the special protection of the state in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

4. Officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance have the right to wear a special uniform.

5. Citizens of the Russian Federation received higher medical education and having certificates of "medical preventive science" have the right to deputizing of chief state sanitary physicians and their deputies.

Article 50. Rights of officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

1. Officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation have the right:

to receive from federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities under written reasoned requests the documentary information on issues of providing sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing;

to conduct sanitary-and-epidemiological examinations, investigations, inspections, researches, trials and other kinds of assessments;

to visit and inspect territories, buildings, structures, constructions, premises, equipment and other objects without hindrance for purposes of checking of observing by individual entrepreneurs, persons performing management functions in commercial or other organizations, and by officials of sanitary legislation and realization at stated objects of sanitary-and-antiepidemic (preventive) measures;

to visit by approbation of citizens their living quarters for purposes of inspection of their housing conditions;

to conduct sampling for investigations of assays and samples of products including provisions and foods;

to implement examination of transport facilities and cargos carried by them including provisions and foods for purposes of establishing a compliance of transport facilities and cargos carried by them with sanitary regulations;

to conduct sampling for investigations of samples of air, water and soil;

to implement measurement of environmental factors for purposes of establishing a compliance of such factors with sanitary regulations;

to draw up a report on sanitary legislation violation.

2. At revelation of sanitary legislation violation and also at a threat of arising and expanding of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance have the right to give citizens and legal entities instructions of obligatory implementation at a stated time:

on elimination of reveled sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements violations;

on suspension of realization of products not complying with sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements including alimentary raw materials and foods;

on implementation of additional sanitary-and-antiepidemic (preventive) measures;

on conducting of laboratory examination of citizens contacted with communicable diseases patients and of medical observation of such citizens;

on performance of works on disinfection of communicable diseases and also on territories and in premises where conditions for arising or expanding of communicable diseases exist and remain.

Article 51. Authorities of Chief state sanitary physicians and their deputies

1. Chief state sanitary physicians and their deputies, while having the rights provided by the article 50 of the present Federal law, are vested with the following authorities:

1) to consider materials and cases on sanitary legislation violation;

2) to advance claims in court and arbitration court in case of sanitary legislation violation;

3) to issue to citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities sanitary-and-epidemiological decisions provided by the article 42 of the present Federal law;

4) to give citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities instructions, obligatory to implement on:

call in authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance of citizens, individual entrepreneurs, officials for considering of materials and cases on sanitary legislation violation;

conducting in accordance with activity performed by them of sanitary-and-epidemiological examinations, investigations, inspections, trials and toxicological, hygienic and other kinds of assessments provided by the article 42 of the present Federal law;

5) at sanitary legislation violation revelation which creates a threat of arising and expanding of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) to take in accordance with established by law procedure measures on suspension:

of designing, construction, reconstruction, technical reequipment of objects and their going into operation;

of exploitation of objects, production departments and lands, premises, buildings, constructions, equipment, transport facilities, of certain kinds of works performance and of services rendering;

of development, production, realization and appliance (usage) of products;

of production, storage, transportation and realization of alimentary raw materials, food additives, foods, drinking water and contacting with then materials and goods;

of using of water objects for the purposes of drinking water and household supply and also in medical, health-improving and recreation purposes;

of import to the territory of the Russian Federation of products, not complying with sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements, or not registered in accordance with established by the legislation of the Russian Federation procedure potentially dangerous for a human being chemical, biological, radioactive substances, certain kinds of products, waste, goods, cargos;

6) at a threat of arising and expanding of communicable diseases posing hazard to surroundings to decern on:

hospitalization for examination or on isolation of communicable diseases patients posing hazard to surroundings and persons with suspicion to such diseases ;

implementing of compulsory medical examination, hospitalization or on isolation of citizens having been in contact with communicable diseases patients posing hazard to surroundings;

temporary removal from work of persons who are communicable diseases pathogens carriers and can be sources of expanding of communicable diseases in connection with particularities of performed by them works or production;

prophylactic vaccinations realization to citizens or certain groups of citizens under epidemic indications;

introduction (countermand) of restrictive measures (quarantine) in organizations and on objects;

7) for sanitary legislation violation to decern on:

imposition of disciplinary actions in the form of notifications or fines;

passing data on sanitary legislation violation for deciding the issues on criminal cases institution;

8) to make suggestions:

to federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing on realizations of measures on sanitary-and-epidemiological situation improvement and sanitary legislation requirements observation, and also suggestions concerning development of territories, providing sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing, health of population protection and promotion, environmental protection;

to executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation and institutions of local governing on introduction (countermand) of restrictive measures (quarantine);

to executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation and institutions of local governing on adjusting in accordance with sanitary legislation of adopted by them legal acts in part concerning the issues of providing sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing;

to organizations on adjusting in accordance with sanitary legislation of decisions, orders, directions and instructions made by them in part concerning the issues of providing sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing;

to authorities on certification on suspension or determination of issued to them certificates of conformance on the products not complying with sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements;

to employers on appliance of disciplinary penalties to workers committed sanitary regulations violation;

to individual entrepreneurs and legal entities on indemnification of hazard injured to a citizen owing to committed by them sanitary legislation violation and also on indemnification of expenses additionally incurred by federal public institutions, providing activities of authorities exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance, on realizing of measures on liquidation of communicable diseases and mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning) connected with stated sanitary regulations violation.

2. The Chief state sanitary physician of the Russian Federation, while having the rights and authorities provided by the article 50 of the present Federal law and the clause 1 of the present article, is vested with the following authorities:

to issue sanitary-and-epidemiological decisions on compliance of affirmed by federal executive authorities drafts of labour protection regulations, environmental protection regulations, drafts of federal state educational standards and federal state requirements, drafts of other legal acts and federal target programs containing measures on sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing providing (further - the documents) with sanitary regulations;

to adopt regulations, to issue directions and instructions, to affirm methodical, directory and other documents on issues of federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance organization and providing sanitary-and-epidemiological public wellbeing;

to make proposals in federal executive authorities on adjusting in accordance with sanitary legislation of affirmed by stated authorities documents provided by the second paragraph of the present clause;

to make proposals to the Government of the Russian Federation on introduction (countermand) of restrictive measures (quarantine) on the territory of the Russian Federation.

3. Chief state sanitary physicians stated in the clause 4 of the article 46 of the present Federal law, while having the rights and authorities provided by the article 50 of the present Federal law and the subclauses 1 - 7 of the clause 1 of the present article, are vested with the following authorities:

to make in a federal executive authority exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance proposals on development, on affirming of sanitary regulations on issues referred to terms of reference of stated officials, on make changes in them and declaring as stale of such sanitary regulations;

to affirm instructions and other documents regulating the procedure of exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance on objects of defense and other special purposes.

Article 52. Obligations of officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

Officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance are obliged:

properly and completely implement provided by the articles 50, 51 of the present Federal law authorities on preventing, detection and suppression of sanitary legislation violation, sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing providing;

to determine reasons and reveal conditions of arising and expanding of communicable diseases and mass non-communicable diseases (poisoning);

to consider applications of citizens and legal entities on issues of sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing and to take corresponding measures;

to inform public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing and population about sanitary-and-epidemiological situation and about measures taken to provide sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing;

to perform their activity on providing sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing in cooperation with federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation, institutions of local governing and public associations;

to keep state, medical and other secured by law secret concerning the information became known to them at their official duties implementing;

to render public associations assistance on issues of providing of sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing and implementation of sanitary legislation;

to observe the legislation of the Russian Federation, rights and legitimate interests of citizens, legal entities, individual entrepreneurs at realizing in relation of inspections and measures on control.

Article 53. Responsibilities of officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

Officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance bear responsibility in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation for improper fulfillment of their official duties and also for suppression of facts and conditions creating a threat to sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing.

Article 54. Appeal of actions (inaction) of officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance

1. Actions (inaction) of officials exercising federal state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance can be appealed in a superior body of state sanitary-and-epidemiological surveillance, to the Chief state sanitary physician or court.

2. A complaint is considered in accordance with procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

3. Lodging a complaint does not suspend appealed actions if appealed actions implementing is not suspended by decision of the court.

Chapter VII. RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLATION OF SANITARY

LEGISLATION

Article 55. Responsibility for violation of sanitary legislation

For sanitary legislation violation disciplinary, administrative and criminal liability is formed in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 56. Became invalid. - The Federal law of 30.12.2001 No. 196-ФЗ.

Article 57. Civil responsibility for tresspass owing to sanitary legislation violation

Injury caused to a personality or property of a citizen and also injury caused to legal entity's property owing to sanitary legislation violation is subject to complete compensation by a citizen or a legal entity caused an injury in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Chapter VIII. FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 58. Implementation of the present Federal law

The present Federal law comes into force from the day of its official publishing.

Article 59. On declaring as stale of certain legal acts owing to passing of the present Federal law

Owing to passing of the present Federal law declare as stale:

The Law of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic "On sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing" (Gazette of the Congress of national deputies of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, 1991, No. 20, article 641);

the article 2 of the Law of the Russian Federation "On alterations and amendments in the Law of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic "On sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing", the Law of the Russian Federation "On consumer rights protection", the Law of the Russian Federation "On environmental protection" (Gazette of the Congress of national deputies of the Russian Federation and Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1993, No. 29, article 1111);

the article 2 of the Federal law "On alterations and amendments in legislative acts of the Russian Federation owing to passing of the Laws of the Russian Federation "On standardization", "On providing of unity of measuring", "On certification of products and services" (Legislative Assembly of the Russian Federation, 1995, No. 26, article 2397);

the article 14 of the Federal law "On alterations and amendments in legislative acts of the Russian Federation owing to reformation of the criminal-executive system" (Legislative Assembly of the Russian Federation, 1998, No. 30, article 3613);

The Regulation of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of April 19, 1991. No. 1035-1 "On procedure of implementation of the Law of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic "On sanitary-and-epidemiological human wellbeing" (Gazette of the Congress of national deputies of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, 1991, No. 20, article 642).

Article 60. On adjusting of legal acts in accordance with the present Federal law

Suggest to the President of the Russian Federation and entrust with the Government of the Russian Federation to adjust their legal acts in accordance with the present Federal law.

The President

of the Russian Federation

B. YELTSIN

Moscow, the Kremlin

March 30, 1999

No. 52-ФЗ